China

OVERVIEW

With EVIVA TOUR VIETNAM, you will feel China in a special way. China is the world’s most populous country. It has an interesting culture stretching back nearly 4,000 years and originated many of the foundations of the modern world. With magnificent destinations along the whole country, when you come to China you will be excited.

China is the world’s third largest country and the most crowded population in the world with over 1.380 billion people, located in Southeast Asia along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, after Russia and Canada. On the map, it shaped like a rooster with a 9.6 million square kilometers area and 18,000 kilometers coastline. Surrounding China, there are 14 countries: Vietnam, Laos, Burma, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia, Russia and Korea. With a wide area China has a diversity climates, but almost country located in the northern hemisphere so it’s weather would be similar to Europe, and the US. The featured weather in the northeast is hot and dry summers and bitterly cold winters. Otherwise, in the north and central region has almost continuous rain, hot summers, and cold winters. The southeast region has heavy rain, with semi-tropical summers and cool winters. It’s also susceptible to flooding in central, southern and western China. .

SITES & PLACES

Great wall of China

When talking about China, we can’t forget one of seven world wonders: The Great Wall. The Great Wall with a total length more than 20,000 km was built as the great military defence project of successive Chinese Empires from the 3rd century BC to the 17th century AD on the north of the country. It was made of many kinds of materials. To experience this wonder you can start in the east at Shanhaiguan in Hebei province and end at the west of Jiayuguan in Gansu province. The main body along the Wall include walls, horse tracks, watch towers, and shelters on the wall, fortresses and passes. This wonder presents the collision and exchanges between agricultural civilizations and nomadic civilizations of China. It significantly provides physical evidence of the far-sighted political strategic thinking and embodies the national symbol for the security of the country and its people. The Great Wall is an outstanding example of the superb military construction.

Forbidden city

China is a country that the Chinese people are very proud of rich history and many famous monuments associated each period of history. The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty—the years 1420 to 1912, located in the centre of Beijing. It served as the home of emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government for almost 500 years. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and UNESCO listed it as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.

Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures presenting the first Emperor of China: the armies of Qin Shi Huangwere discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong District, Xi’an, Shaanxi province. Because the Qin Emperor wants to live forever so he spent a huge amount of resources building the largest single tomb. He thought this huge army would protect him in the afterlife and help him to keep his power. He died and was buried in 210 BC, over 2000 years ago. Estimates from 2007, there are three pits keeping more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses. This is a part of a massive burial tomb built for the first emperor of China: Emperor Qin Shi Huang. It is considered to become one of the greatest discoveries of the 20th century and one of the greatest archaeological sites in the world. The soldier’s height averages around 5 feet 11 inches, with some others being as tall as 6 foot 7 inches. No two soldiers are exactly alike even there are many statues in the pits. There are soldiers of all ages with different ranks, facial features, and hair styles. The details of the statue are so intricate that it has been hypothesized that they were based on real soldiers who directly served the Qin emperor. Another key feature is that the warriors were decorated in bright colors. New conservation techniques, performed on recently excavated figures, allow some of these patterns to be discerned.

The Bund

The Bund also called Waitan in Chinese is a waterfront area on the shore of Huangpu river. It starts from Yanan East road abd extends to Waibaidu Bridge on Suzhou Creak and it measures 1500 meters (0.93 mile) in length. The Huangpu River is the largest river flowing through Shanghai’s downtown. It experiences the ebb and flow of tides twice everyday, and the water levels could have a drop of up to 4 meters. The Bund today houses 52 buildings each with a rich history. It was China’s answer to Wall Street and was a centre of foreign trade and banking. The buildings in this area have a special architectural affected by the foreign culture by many years ago. In the west bank, you can see 26 various constructions with different styles including Gothic, Baroquem Romanesque, Classicism and the Renaissance. Considered a symbol of Shanghai, the Bund is a great pride to the Shanghai people, as it doesn’t only show the world Shanghai’s culture but also its capability to combine its local culture with other cultures overseas. Some famous buildings on the Bund are Custom House, the Waldorf Astoria Shanghai Hotel, HSBC Building, Bank of China and the Shanghai Gold Exchange.
When the travelers come here, they can have a panorama view with one of Shanghai’s symbols.

Summer Palace

The summer palace is Imperial Garden, a masterpiece of China landscape, placed at the foot of Beijing hill. It was started to build in 1750, mostly destroyed in the war of 1860 and reconstructed on its original bases in 1886. According to the idea of Qing emperor Qianlong between 1750 and 1764 as the Garden of Clear Ripples, the Summer Palace integrates diverse traditional halls and pavilions into the Garden. The Kunming Lake used as the basic framework. The palace served as a place for Qing emperors to handle administrative affairs and to avoid the summer heat. When visiting here you can enjoy a museum of imperial Garden Architectural. The palace comprises three impressive areas: Court Area, Longevity Hill Area and Kunming Lake Area. Beside the Kunming lake as the main framework, in the Court area, are the palace buildings where Dowager Empress Cixi and Emperor Guangxu used to stay and conduct government business, near the East Palace Gate. Longevity Hill rises beside the lake, dotted with superb halls and temples and wonderfully decorated gates. The energetic can climb the hill to the Buddhist Temple overlooking the entire area.

Tiananmen Square

If you choose EVIVA TOUR VIETNAM to make your trip, you will experience the most Chinese places as many as we can bring you to. Tiananmen Square is one of those destinations, a large city square in the centre of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen gate (Gate of Heavenly Peace) situated at the center of Beijing and covers an area of 440,00 square meters with the capacity is about half a million people. Tiananmen Square is one of the largest city squares in the world which has great cultural significance as it was the site of several important events in Chinese history. Every time you find the information about China, Tiananmen always be a must-visit destination. In the south end of the Square is Mao’s Tomb where his body can be viewed at irregular times. The Great Hall of the People located in the west of the square. In the East of Square is an impressive Museum of history everyone can overlook. Many tourists had found some great sites on the Square and after that can come over the Forbidden City for the next spot in the excursion.

National Museum of China

Finish the excursion to Tiananmen Square you can stop at one of the most visited Museum of Asia: The national Museum of China. It’s also the 3rd most visited museum in the world, located on the eastern side of Tiananmen Square. Normally, with many interesting places in Beijing, foreign tourists can miss this sights but if you know about the museum you will be attracted. The museum present the history and the art of China. It is one of the biggest museum in the world with a large interior space which has a high ceiling lit by many windows. There is an around three-tiered pagoda with wooden style at the left in the foreground. When visiting the museum you should prepare something to easily get into. For the lines and security, there may be long lines, especially on weekends/holidays. To pass the entryway you will be frisked by X-ray scanners and guards. Your personal items, equipment, tripods…may have to be kept out the museum. But you are permitted for taking photos without flash. When you visit here maybe it will take from you some hours for enjoying the exhibitions or the wonderful collections. It contains dozens and dozens of stunning pieces, all exhibited in modern, spacious halls. The museum is free for tourists so if you have any chance to go to Beijing, you shouldn’t forget this destination. The museum is housed in a 1950s building on the eastern side of Tiananmen Square.

Beijing National Stadium

Nowadays, with a China Trip including Beijing as a destination, the National Stadium are becoming one of the most celebrated places you can visit. The Beijing National Stadium, with another name: the Bird’s Nest. It was started to build in December 2003 and had been completed during 4,5 years of labour. The appearance of this stadium was designed by architects Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Chinese architect Li Xinggang and others. After big events 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics, the Bird’s Nest will be used again for 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics.
Beijing had been selected as host city for 2008 Olympics, an international competition to find the best design for the stadium was held. Many architects all over the world sent their ideas for a stadium can accommodate 100,000 seats with a retractable roof. And they finally found out 13 most impressive designs and of those, the best were of Herzog and de Meuron from Switzerland with partners from Arup Sport and Chinese CADG. The stadium does not only look like a big bird nest but also looks rather like a cradle bearing human beings’ hope of the future. Without decorative cladding, the concept was based on putting the whole roof and facade structures outside. Maybe the nest structure looks chaotic but while at the same time it is being very strong. When all the main seats had been occupied, the temporary seats were set at the top of the stands zone. Despite the audiences seat anywhere, the whole game still can be seen without any visual disturbance. The electro-acoustic public-address system had been set. It makes the index of voice definition reaches 0.6. So all the audience can hear the broadcast very clearly. Besides, many architectural experts think that it not only is a symbol building of the 2008 Olympics but also a very good example to the world’s architecture.

Li River

The Li river starts flowing from the Mao’er Mountains through Guilin, Yangshuo and Pingle in Xing’an county. The Li River is one of the largest rivers of Northeast Guangxi. It’s about 85 km from Guilin through the finest scenery and divided into 3 spots. The first is from the downtown of Guilin to Huangniu Gorge, the second is from Huangniu Valley to Shuiluo Village, and the last is from Shuilo Village to Yangshuo. Li River with a spectacular view always is an inspiration for the poems and paintings. This is a majestic Karst Landscape of China, you can easily find the image of this river on one side of the 20 CNY note. The Chinese talk about it like a pearl of China and the Essence of Guilin. On the bank of the river, there are deep pools, springs, and clamorous waterfalls. When you take a trip on this river you can enjoy the splendid view of crowded towering peaks along the banks. Seen from a remote boat, the surface will look like a picture with faintly observable 9 houses. Its banks are covered with lush bamboo and luxuriantly green woods. Luohan Mountain, Chaoban Mountain, Wuzhi Mountain and Luosi Mountain rise up from under the waters.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Facts
• Full Name: The People’s Republic of China
• Area: 9,600,000 sq km (3,706,580 sq mi)
• Population: 1.37 billion (as of 2014)
• Capital City: Beijing
• National Flag: Five-Stars-Red-Flag
• Location: middle and East Asia, bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean
• Territorial Seas: the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea
• Climate: mainly continental monsoon climate (Tibet: vertical climate zone)
• People: Han Chinese (93.3%), plus 55 ethnic groups like Miao, Li, Mongolian
• Language: Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) based on Beijing dialect, plus local dialects
• Main Religions and Beliefs: officially atheist, Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam (over 22 million), Catholicism (over 4 million) and Protestantism (over 10 million)
• Currency and Monetary Unit: Renminbi / Yuan
• Form of Government: system of National People’s Congress
• Administrative Demarcations: 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions

Tips

1. Definitely avoid Chinese public holidays, when prices can be two or three times higher! See Dates to Avoid. Travelling off-peak has the added advantage that you will avoid the tourist crowds for a more tranquil and stress-free experience. China’s winters, though (very) cold, are usually the driest times of the year. If you don’t like heat or rain, then saving this way will be a pleasure. Enjoy the same China holiday for less money!
2. Use the cheaper forms of transport: If you don’t mind spending a bit more time between destinations, China’s trains are a fraction of the price of domestic flights. The expanding bullet train network covers middle-distance journeys in a similar time to a flight (plus airport transport, formalities, etc.), but at half the cost or less. Long distance buses are even cheaper, though less comfortable, especially overnight.
3. Go to cheaper (or Free) sights, Eateries, and hotels:
• Budget Accommodation: With accommodation you tend to get what you pay for, though smaller cities further west are better value for money generally (see below). Make an honest assessment of what comfort level you can tolerate, and check the reviews.
• Follow the chinese for cheaper foods
• Touring the main cities for less
4. Explore less Expensive destinations
5. Going as a group and arrange your own transport
6. Score extra beds the easy way
7. Use the best language app for travelers
8. Toilet paper reminder: toilet tissue is rarely found in public restrooms. Carry your own
9. Don’t be fooled by loud voices: Chinese people like to converse very loudly and passionately at times, and it can be easy to mistake this for an argument.
10. Take the kids belong without regret: Taking small but manageable risks when traveling in China with children can reap big rewards.
11. Make a hometown connection: Learn the name of your country’s most famous landmark for beaming instant recognition from taxi drivers, waiters and the man on the street.
12. Don’t forget to bring a dictionary.

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